The Adaptation Fund was established under the Kyoto Protocol of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC). The Fund finances projects that help developing countries adapt to the adverse effects of climate change, and is one of the only funds in the world specifically dedicated to climate adaptation. Since 2010, the Fund has approved $330 million for a total of 57 adaptation initiatives around the world.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) defines adaptation as “adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities.” The IPCC further distinguishes between different types of adaptation: anticipatory vs. reactive, private vs. public, and autonomous vs. planned.
- Anticipatory adaptation takes place before impacts of climate change are observed
- Autonomous adaptation does not constitute a conscious response to climatic stimuli but is triggered by ecological changes in natural systems and by market or welfare changes in human systems.
Planned adaptation is the result of a deliberate policy decision, based on an awareness that conditions have changed or are about to change and that action is required to return to, maintain, or achieve the desired state.