Thu, 24th September 2020 | Updated Tuesday 23 July 2019, 08:45:36    

The Convention on Biological Diversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international treaty dedicated to sustianing the Earth's rich biological diversity through development of national strategies that supports conservation and sustainable development.

The Convention was opened for signature on 5 June 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (the Rio "Earth Summit") and entered into force on 29 December 1993.

The Convention has three main goals:

  • The conservation of biological diversity,
  • The sustainable use of the components of biological diversity,


  • The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.

CBD National Reports

Article 26 of the Convention states that the objective of national reporting is to provide information on measures taken for the implementation of the Convention and the effectiveness of these measures. In accordance with Article 6, measures to be addressed, in light of specific national circumstances, are reflected in the national biodiversity strategy action plan.

An effective system of national reporting can assist the Conference of the Parties to:

  • Consider the lessons learned by Parties in the implementation of the Convention
  • Identify gaps in capacity for policy research and analysis at the national, regional and global levels, including technical and financial requirements
  • Formulate appropriate requests and guidance to Parties and to its subsidiary bodies, the Secretariat, the financial mechanism, and other organizations with expertise relevant to the implementation of the Convention.

Public availability of national reports also assists relevant actors (e.g. intergovernmental agencies, specialist non-governmental organizations and scientific bodies) to formulate focused strategies and programmes to assist Parties, individually or collectively, with implementation. This also assists individual Parties or groups of Parties to identify common issues to be addressed, thus facilitating the development of cost-effective and mutually-supportive regional initiatives for implementation.

Seychelles has submitted four National Reports (1, 3, 4 and 5). It seems that Seychelles was unable to submit its 2nd National Report in time, as there is no report on the CBD website. Each of these reports can be found below in a pdf format for your reference and perusal.

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